Ballroom Marfa presented Sam Falls, an exhibition of new work highlighting Falls’ multidisciplinary approach to time and representation. The show featured all new sound, video, sculptural, and wall work, and was accompanied by an exhibition catalogue documenting the process and final installation of the artworks.
The transformation of materials and forms through the elements and time wove its way through many of Falls’ pieces. The exhibition showcased works created during Falls’ residency in Marfa in July 2014, where the artist engaged directly with the shapes and hues unique to the Far West Texas landscape.
“A significant element of my work is representing time and place through a merging of sculpture, painting, and photography; this idea was catalyzed in part by my trips to Marfa over the past several years,” says the artist. “I was taken by Donald Judd’s outdoor work Untitled (15 Works in Concrete) at the Chinati Foundation, impressed by how fixed and changeless the works appear compared to the landscape and passing time. As a result I have created several works based off of my love for minimal form but replaced its defiance of nature with an integration of the environment and change.”
Falls’ work approached the legacy of Minimalism in Marfa by engaging in a dialogue around sculpture, preservation, landscape, and authorship, that could only happen in the context of Marfa’s singular art historical landscape.
Sam Falls (b. 1984, San Diego, CA) lives and works in Los Angeles. His work has recently been shown at LAXART (Los Angeles), the Zabludowicz Collection (London), the Pomona College Museum of Art (California), Museo MADRE (Naples), International Center of Photography (New York), and the American Academy in Rome, . His work is in the collections of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, LACMA, Los Angeles, Centre Pompidou, Paris, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, and the International Center for Photography, New York, among others. He received his BA from Reed College and his MFA from ICP-Bard. He has published more than ten books, including Death Sequence(Karma, 2014), Life Size (Karma, 2012), Studio Space Print Time (Printed Matter, 2013), Light Work (Gottlund Verlag, 2010) and Visible Library (Lay Flat, 2011).
This show comes from a few different ideas and places, one of which is the influence of Donald Judd and Marfa. It was my second trip to Marfa that struck me most, the unchanging nature of the place and sculptures, and while my own work has always been informed by minimal aesthetics and continues to be, the element I knew I wanted to incorporate, especially with my sculpture was change. This change has entered my work through incorporating the environment, so that the art reflects time and place, rather than denying or defying it. The reciprocal object exposed to time and environment beyond the artwork is the viewer. The piece which most readily responds to all these issues is the outdoor sculpture made from a 1984 Ford Ranger. When I moved from New York to California in 2011 I bought a new Ford Ranger, so in conceiving this sculpture I first wanted to find the same model truck from the year I was born. The truck had at some point been repainted red from its original tan color, and as humans regenerate their skin cells every seven years, I reversed the process on the truck and had it sandblasted in a random patter down to tan lines and then all the way to steel. Some of the panels of the truck were clear-coated to preserve the visible “skins” of the truck, while others are left to rust in the elements, exposed. The “life” of the truck was removed and repurposed with a new life, substituting the engine block with a marble block and potted cactuses, and the truck bed became a soil bed of succulents native to southern North America. As the copper pots of the cacti oxidize they’ll leave their mark on the white marble, and the succulents inside the truck and in the bed will take on the heart and purpose of the machine, growing with the environment and viewers.
The works on linen in the show were hand dyed on-site in Marfa and left outside to fade in the sunlight, creating images that were masked out by minimal shapes in pictographic images from the ancient Chinese tangram game. The idea came to fruition when reading Judd’s 1994 essay Some Aspects of Color in General and Red and Black in Particular, namely near the end when he states:
“Color of course can be an image or a symbol, as is the peaceful blue and white, often combined with olive drab, but these are no longer present in the best art. By definition, images and symbols are made by institutions. A pair of colors that I knew of as a child in Nebraska was red and black, which a book said was the “favorite” of the Lakota. In the codices of the Maya, red and black signify wisdom and are the colors of scholars.”
I had already begun working with the tangram puzzles but not found the perfect situation for their form. I wanted to use the images on the fabric and then create tables with the game pieces in their resting assembled rectangular form. I was always interested in the divide between Judd’s furniture and artwork, how the designs were quite similar but separated by space and function. In this work the tables function first as productive tools for the artwork, and then secondarily as furniture. I also wanted to mix the media, using some industrial materials that would weather (copper and bronze), along with more static and classical material (marble). The quote above led me to take interest in the history of tangrams and source Chinese marble for the project, while also using the colors red and black in a site specific homage to Judd. The other works on linen are also durational and natural “photograms” which came about in Marfa after seeing the cattle fences everywhere, the grid appearing even out in the middle of the country. I wanted to work with something so familiar to rural Texas as well as the aesthetics of art history, an American theme ever-present in everyday life, its representation, and its abstraction.
As these works were being made by nature out in the sun, I continued to work, as I do, on the issues of representation and abstraction in art, which I see to be its contemporary and historical building blocks, as well as the defining element of human life: time. I am always trying to draw out the inherent qualities of time and make them visible (and also in this case auditory), to share the past in the present and point toward the future coming to pass and all together immerse ourselves within it. As with time, in abstraction and representation there’s the indexical and the unknown, the challenge is how to rectify these into a constant singularity. The goal in the video and sound work here is to not only address the issues of time, but the representational and abstract, not simply as separate qualities combined in one artwork, but fundamentally dependent to produce the work itself. Rosalind Krauss talks about “shifters” as they apply linguistically to pronouns: the way “I” is the same symbol but becomes indexical depending on the context of who’s using it, you can say “I”, or I can say “I”, and it refers to a different person, or “it” can refer to an apple or an orange, depending on context and proximity. As Krauss cites Jakobson in her essay Notes on the Index, Part 1, “A shifter is ‘filled’ with signification’ only because it is ’empty'”. So time as a linear progression always fills up the pool of now. Now is never the same but the substance it takes is. This came in handy when conceiving these works and the idea I wanted to visualize was how we can see or hear time as it passes to be reminded of its unified past, present, and future; every moment is “now”, or will be “now”, or was “now”. “Now” is a temporal shifter as I see it, and so these works regenerate the word to inform the moment both as specific and as the works progress elliptically, “now” becomes abstracted and wholly representational. The works are both in motion, the movement visually of the video and the waves landing on shore, as well as the eternal rotation of the record. Yet the subject, the symbol now, gains meaning every time we see or hear it, it disappears and returns, the same but different every time – different because of our context, and different because of the works’ variations. We change the work by being present, and the work changes us by being present, we are breaking down and being built up, just like every moment.
Sarah Smith – Vocal • Quentin Moore – Guitars • Adam Steck – Bass • Mike Kutchman – Piano • Trip Warner – Feedback guitar
Recorded and mixed by Mike Kutchman at KUTCH-1 Studios in Brooklyn, NY.
Created in collaboration with a group of musicians, this limited edition, blue-marbled vinyl stems from a sound piece by Sam Falls, which played on a loop in Ballroom Marfa’s gallery as part of his 2015 solo exhibition. The limited-edition record features a woman’s voice repeating the word “now” alongside simple chords played by four musicians. The LP that plays in the exhibition contains a thin metal strip that causes the record to skip, creating an original composition with each rotation. This sound work speaks to another work in the show, Falls’ video piece Untitled (Now), where he continuously writes the word “now” into sand with a stick before it gets repeatedly washed away by waves at the ocean shore. Together the works reflect the artist’s interest in capturing the passage of time and its elements, providing viewers with various mediums in which to consider the present.
“I wanted to visualize how we can see or hear time as it passes to be reminded of its unified past, present, and future; every moment is ‘now,’ or will be ‘now,’ or was ‘now.’ ‘Now’ is a temporal shifter as I see it, and so these works regenerate the word to inform the moment both as specific and as the works progress elliptically ‘now’ becomes abstracted and wholly representational.” — Excerpt from Sam Falls artist statement
Texts by Fairfax Dorn, Ballroom Marfa Found and Artistic Director; David Raskin, Professor of Art History, Theory and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago; Sam Falls, artist and poet.
Sam Falls inhabits a space between artist book and traditional exhibition catalogue. Focused on his solo exhibition at Ballroom Marfa and the new body of work produced for the project, the book features a scholarly essay by art historian David Raskin, an introduction by Ballroom Marfa co-founder Fairfax Dorn, along with new poetry by Falls. Designed by Lorraine Wild at Green Dragon Office and with exhibition photography by Fredrik Nilsen, this lush catalogue mixes documentation of Falls’ exhibition in Marfa with original verse and photos of the works in progress by the artist himself.
This exhibition has been made possible by the generous support of The Brown Foundation, Inc. Houston; Hannah Hoffman Gallery, Los Angeles; Texas Commission on the Arts; and Ballroom Marfa members.
Special thanks to Lalo Baeza, Darcy Bartoletti, the Big Bend Sentinel, Lauren Burkhart, Michael Camacho, Ross Cashiola, Vicente Celis, the Chinati Foundation, Rob Crowley, Hilary duPont, David Fenster, Cuca Flores, Marc Goff, Miriam Halpern, Liz Janoff, Judd Foundation, Erin Kimmel, Lynne Maphies, Marfa Public Radio, Alex Marks, Robbin Marquez, Rosa McElheny, Riley O’Bryan, Craig Rember, Francisco Rosas, Gory Smelley, Herb Surber, Sarah Thompson, Noemi Tovar, Dominick Villano, Trip Warner, Justin Waugh and Sam Winks.